Diabetes is very common in general in today’s life so if a person has diabetes preventively, he or she have to check their eyes regular basis. Several eye problems may cause by diabetes also primary cause of blindness.
The Effects Are:-
- Blurring of Vision or Sudden Hazy Vision: You may face blur vision so do not change glass power with out consulting with eye doctor, because if you have diabetes it is commonly happens but first you have to control blood sugar level with in 140mg/dl or do HbA1c test(within 6 ) for 3 monthly, if the sugar level is controlled for 3 months the you can change glass power.
- Cataract: Diabetic person gets cataract earlier than normal person gets, so periodically eye check up must. In cataract the natural lens becomes cloudy and thick in nature, some common symptoms are vision blur, glare problem, colour halos seeing around the light. Sometimes fluid will accumulate in anterior and posterior lens capsule white dots scatters present in cortex looks like “snowflakes” rarely found mainly in adult. This can manage by regular check up how much it will grows and within few days can operate the cataract by replacement of artificial lens may expect better vision.
- Glaucoma: It is a case the fluid of eye does not flows by its way properly cause increased eye pressure affect is nerve fibre damage with gradual visual field loss, sometimes headache, eye pain, redness, watering halos. Neovascular glaucoma present in case of diabetes, in which new blood vessels will grow on brown part of eye called Iris. Treatment can be particular eye drops, laser can be done on the iris which helps in fluid flow.
- Diabetes Retinopathy: Most common cause to leads blindness, due to diabetes there are lots of changes in retina, if you have diabetes for longer time more chance to have diabetic retinopathy, in that case sugar level should control its works like a risk factor. The signs and symptoms are blood vessels are severely affected, vessels are weak in nature retinal haemorrhage is common, retinal oedema or swelling is present, yellow white spots are there, dot and flame shape haemorrhages, neovascularisation present it means new weak blood vessels will produce. Very important macula the point of peak vision affects in form of macular oedema, vision will drop suddenly or gradually.
First is sugar level control with tablet or insulin injection.
Intravitreal Injection the drugs are used Bevacizumab and Ranibizumab, intravitreal steroids triamcinolone acetonide.
Laser therapy is using to stop the haemorrhages or weak blood vessels, mostly focal laser and grid laser.
Surgical treatments are Vitrectomy in case of vitreous haemorrhage and removal of epiretinal membrane, and in case of Retinal detachment the methods are using scleral buckling with silicon oil or gas like sulphur hexafluoride insertion after recovery it will remove.